Side effects of insulin therapy-important aspects https://healthuseful.com/side-effects-of-insulin-therapy/ dizziness,trouble speaking,fatigue,confusion,pale skin,sweating,twiching of muscles,seizure,loss of consciousness are all the side effects of insulin therapy. In type 1 diabetes mellitus following side effects are seen due to insulin therapy –
Weight gain -Initially before insulin therapy cells are not able to utilize glucose as there is difficulty in transfer of glucose into the cells.
When insulin is started it helps in the transfer of glucose through the cell membrane from the blood into the cells. So now cells can utilize glucose. Our body has mechanism which helps to transfer glucose into fats and glucose into proteins.Insuli administered externally will do all theses functios but there are side efects of insulin therapy. Insulin also helps in the breakdown of proteins and fats.
Due to all these mechanisms the body weight increases.
Hypoglycemia -If more than the required dose of insulin is given, or if insulin is given at the wrong time then the blood glucose levels fall below the normal range ,brain does not get sufficient supply of glucose and the person faints. Following are the effects seen in hypoglycemia-
- Trouble in speaking
- The individual can become unconscious
- The skin becomes pale
- Twitching of muscles
Side effects of insulin therapy are important to be known to the diabetic patient as he should be aware of it and once they happen he should report it to the physician.Fat necrosis -As the individual takes subcutaneous insulin it is actually delivered into the subcutaneous fat and there is a possibility that a painful lump can form in the subcutaneous plane.
So a person with diabetes should always keep packets of sugar or chocolate with him and these should be consumed as early as possible.Knowledge of side effects of insulin therapy is extremely important to the family members of the diabetic patient also. Family members must be aware of all these things as hypoglycemia is always much more dangerous than hyperglycemia.
If this hypoglycemia(falling of blood glucose below the normal range ) occurs in a hospital then it is much more safe condition as immediately iv glucose can be given by the hospital staff and situation can be brought under control.Side effects of insulin therapy can go to extreme levels in some circumstances.
Sweating and palpitations can occur to the patient during hypoglycemia.
Rash or swelling -This can occur at the site of injection.
Anxiety and depression -These things can occur in a patient taking insulin as he starts thinking that something has happened to him, he is definitely dependent on injections and things have not remained the same as before. In this case the family members should boost the morale of this patient.
Complications due to insulin therapy –
- Heart attack (Myocardial infarction)
- Ophthalmic problems
- Complications related to kidney.
For the different types of diabetes in which insulin is given –
- Type 1
- Type -2
- Gestational diabetes
Please read our article on Types of diabetes in healthuseful.com
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