In diabetes there is increased levels of sugar in tissues and low immune power -so it can lead to boils, bacterial skin infections, fungal infections ,ringworm, Jack itch ,athletes foot
Ringworm is fungal infection of skin and scalp, which can develop in diabetic individuals due to increased levels of sugar in tissues and low immunity .
It is identified by red ,itchy, scaly skin, hair loss, itching of skin .It is highly infectious and spread by skin to skin contact.
Jack itch is red, itchy ring shaped rash that develops on the genitals, understandable of thighs, groin. It can develop in diabetic individuals due to lowered immunity and increased levels of blood sugar.
Athletic foot is ringworm infection (fungal infection due to dermatophytes), that develops between the toes. It may occur in severed and neglected cases of diabetes due to lowered immunity and increased levels of blood sugars in tissues.
Other conditions are there in diabetic individuals in which pathology of the skin can result –
Diabetic dermopathy-In an individual with diabetes tiny spots or lesions develop on the skin .These lesions are more frequent on bony parts of body like shins.
Acanthosis nigricans-In this raised brawny areas are seen in the groin ,armpits and neck .
Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum-This is a rare granulomatous Di SD disorder. It affects 0.3 percent of the individuals suffering from diabetes .It is a kind of microangiopathy, that means in affects the too much small blood vessels that can be seen only with the help of microscope.
This condition affects the legs ,abdomen ,upper extremity and scalp.
Diabetes blisters-These occur rare. These occur in individuals with diabetes who do not pay attention to treatment and blood sugar is not well controlled. These are painless condition. They heal on their own without any treatment being required.
Erruptive xanthomatosis -This occurs in individuals with poor control of diabetes and with high level of serum triglycerides and high serum cholesterol. These get treated in a few weeks to few months. Medical treatment for the underlying cause and changes in the lifestyle of the diabetic individual helps.
Digital Sclerosis is a condition that occurs in a diabetic individual in which there is thickening and hardening of the skin of the digits causing limitations of the movement of the digits and decreased sensation. It is a painless condition, the skin becomes waxy in appearance .
It develops slowly and in a symmetrical manner affecting the arms back of the fingers, hands ,arms and ourselves.
Diabetic Cheiroarthropathy-It is also known as diabetic stiff hand syndrome. The fingers and joints of hand become stiff and it becomes difficult for the individual to do his routine work.
The Prayer sign-This occurs in advanced cases of digital sclerosis where the flexor tendons of the fingers go into contracture-this is called the prayer sign in which the person is unable to press the palms of the hands completely due to stiffness of the skin and the tendons of hands.
Dupuytren’s contracture-In this there is thickening ,shortening and contracture of the palmar fascia resulting in inability to extend the fingers.
Dry skin-As blood sugar level is high in diabetic individual lot of blood sugar is lost in urine. Urination is also more, so there is loss of body fluids in urine, so there is dehydration and dry skin.
High blood sugar leads to inflammation ,this can suppress or exaggerate the immune response.
Due to lowered immunity bacterial, fungal infections, itching can occur.
Disseminated granuloma annulare-In this the diabetic individual has go raised areas which are ring shaped or arc shape .These are found on the fingers or pinna usually and are red, brown or skin coloured.
Also go through our article -Effects of diabetes on skin in healthuseful.com
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